Question 1.1. (TCO D) Please describe the purpose of the Income Statement and the interrelationship between the income statement and the other major financial statements that we covered in this class. In your answer, please also address which financial statements should be created before the Income Statement, if any, and which financial statements need to be completed after the Income Statement, if any. (Points : 25)
Question 2.2. (TCO E) Your friend, Lisa, plans to open a nail salon. Lisa states that she does not have time to develop and implement a system of internal controls.(a) Explain to Lisa the components of internal control. (10 points)(b) Explain to Lisa at least 5 internal control procedures she must establish to protect herself against fraud. You should state specific internal control procedures from the textbook, and relate your answer to her nail salon business. (15 points) (Points : 25)
Question 3.3. (TCO H) Simpson Inc. purchased 5, $4,000, 11% bonds of Hillsdale Corporation when the market rate of interest was 10%. Interest is paid semiannually on the bonds, and the bonds mature in 4 years. Instructions:Compute the total price paid by Simpson Inc. for the bonds showing your calculation for the present value of the principal and the present value of the interest payments. Present value tables (Exhibit 8-14 and Exhibit 8-15) are available on pages 452 and 453 of your Harrison, Horngren, and Thomas textbook. NOTE: Be sure you review the PV Tables completely to ensure you find the correct period and interest rate for the calculation. (Points : 20)
Question 4.4. (TCO A) The following items are taken from the financial statements of BCT Company for 2013:
Property, plant, and equipment, net
Additional Paid-in Capital
Retained Earnings, 12/31/2012
Cost of Goods Sold
Instructions:(1) Create a classified balance sheet in good form for the year ended 2013. (30 points)(2) Calculate the current ratio and debt ratio and explain your findings. (6 points) (Points : 36)
Question 5.5. (TCO B) The Caldor Company gathered the following condensed data for the year ended December 31, 2014:
Cost of Goods Sold
Common Stock Dividends Paid
Income tax percentage
Instructions:(1) Prepare a multiple-step income statement for the year ended December 31, 2014. (30 points)(2) Compute the gross margin percentage and net profit margin ratio. Caldor Company’s assets at the beginning of the year were $900,000, and the assets were $950,000 at the end of the year. To qualify for full credit, you must state the formula you are using, show your computations, and explain your findings. (6 points) (Points : 36)
Question 6.6. (TCO C) This is a 2-part question.
Part 1) Indicate which section of the statement of cash flows should contain each of the following items, and whether each item would result in an inflow or outflow of cash. The sections are Operating, Investing, and Financing. (30 points)
(a) Amortization of a patent – Operating activities – inflow(b) Increase in accounts payable – Operating activities – inflow(c) Paid cash dividends to common stockholders – Financing activities – outflow(d) Purchased equipment with cash – Investing activities – outflow(e) Increase in inventory – Operating activities – Outflow
Part 2) Please explain how to calculate free cash flow and the importance of free cash flow to investors. (6 points) (Points : 36)
Question 7.7. (TCO F) This is a 2-part question.
Part 1) Journalize the adjusting entries below at year-end December 31, XXXX. Please share your supporting calculations for the adjusting entries requiring computations.
(a) The unadjusted balance of the Supplies account is $2,200. The total cost of supplies remaining is $1,000.(b) Accrued Service Revenue of $9,000. (c) Equipment was purchased at the beginning of the year for $45,000. The equipment’s useful life is 5 years, and the residual value is $5,000. Record the depreciation for this year. (d) The weekly payroll is $25,000. Employees are owed for 3 days of a 5-day work week. (e) Beginning unearned service revenue is $7,500, and ending unearned service revenue is $3,500. (f) The business has interest expense of $750 that is due in January. (30 points)
Part 2) Calculate the overall overstatement or understatement of net income if the above adjusting entries were not made. Please share your work. (6 points) (Points : 36)
Question 8.8. (TCO G) Please review the following 6 ratios for Johnson Company and Lee Enterprises for the year ended 2014, and address the 2 questions below.
(a) Accounts receivable turnover
(b) Days’ inventory outstanding
(c) Debt ratio
(d) Return on common stockholders’ equity
(e) Current ratio
(f) Price/Earnings ratio
Instructions: This is a 2-part question.
(1) Explain the meaning of each of the Johnson Company ratios above. (18 points)(2) State which company performed better for each ratio. (18 points) (Points : 36)