Healthcare Law Reflection

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Public Health Spending

This
course provided great information and insight as to how and why Public
Health Law and Policy is delivered through various means and avenues. It
focused on the legal system as well as framing Issues of Public Health,
Law, and Policy and its impact on target populations and society as a
whole. Prior to this course, I had a vague understanding and idea of
what public health law encompassed, but now at its completion I can say I
have a lot more knowledge and insight from the various perspectives and
viewpoints of my classmates and Dr. Spach.

One
concept I learned a lot from was in Module 2, which focused on “Law and
Public Health.” Here, I realized what an impact laws have with respect
to public health initiatives and efforts to build healthier
communities. According to (“Law and Public Health at CDC”, 2006) The
indispensable role of law is evident across the entire history of U.S.
public health—from early colonialists’ needs to defend against
infectious threats to today’s innovative law-based approaches to
preventing chronic diseases, injuries, and other problems The U.S.
experience with smallpox illustrates how, at some points in history,
law-based interventions were implemented even before science elucidated
the nature of the public health threat and the basis of the
intervention.

Additionally,
Module 3 highlighted “Public Health Ethics.” This section was extremely
beneficial as it provided an opportunity to research and present the
various interactions between ethics and their relation to law and public
health. According to (Gostin, 2010) Occasionally the interests of
public health and the community can come into conflict. When that
occurs, it is important to review one’s process, and ensure principles
outlined in the HealthCare Workers Code of Ethics aligns with policy
implementation or the establishment of law. There is a great deal that
individuals cannot do to secure their health such as: environmental
protection, hygiene and sanitation, clean air and surface water,
uncontaminated food and drinking water, safe roads and products, and
control of infectious disease. Therefore, the need to organize and
collaborate on public health law and policy is critical. This part of
the course clearly defined how ethical guidelines play into establishing
law and policies. It was interesting to see the responses and feedback
of my classmates’ thoughts in the discussion board as everyone had a
different idea and approach to address the correlation between the two.

Overall
this course opened my eyes to the benefits and challenges of
establishing Public Health Law and Policy. All of my research and
coursework illustrated that need for Public Health Law as it really
impacts those with socioeconomic disadvantages and results in poor
health outcomes. I can use this information moving forward to address
and lobby for change at higher levels within my community.

References:

Law and Public Health at CDC. (2006). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su5502a1…

Gostin, L. (2010). Public Health Law and Ethics (2nd ed., p. 13). California: University of California Press.

Expectations: 1 page, 3 references from required reading.

Required Reading

Read Chapter 5 of the following text:
Wing, K. R., & Gilbert, B. (2007). The law and the public’s health. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.

Anderson Smith, T., Minyard, K. J., Parker, C. A., Ferencik Van
Valkenburg, R., & Shoemaker, J. A. (2007). From theory to practice:
What drives the core business of public health? Journal of Public Health Management Practice, 13(2),
169–172. Retrieved from
http://journals.lww.com/jphmp/Fulltext/2007/03000/From_Theory_to_Practice__What_Drives_the_Core.13.aspx#

Chernew, M. (2011). Health care spending growth: Can we avoid fiscal Armageddon? Inquiry, 47(4), 285-95. Retrieved from the Trident Online Library.

Frick, K., & Ma, S. (2009). Overcoming challenges for the economic evaluation of investments in children’s health. Academic Pediatrics, 9(3), 136-7.

Kinner, K., & Pellegrini, C. (2009). Expenditures for public health: Assessing historical and prospective trends. American Journal of Public Health, 99(10), 1780-1791.

Lorenzoni, L., Belloni, A., & Sassi, F. (2014). Health-care
expenditure and health policy in the USA versus other high-spending OECD
countries. The Lancet, 384(9937), 83-92. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736 (14)60571-7. Retrieved from the Trident Online Library.

Mays, G. P., McHugh, M. C., Shim, K., Perry, N., Lenaway, D.,
Halverson, P. K., & Moonesinghe, R. (2006). Institutional and
economic determinants of public health system performance. American Journal of Public Health 96(3), 523.

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