Impacts of Victimization on Women
When a crime occurs, the effects are
rarely temporary or isolated. Primary victims suffer immediate consequences,
but they may also experience lingering physical and psychological issues
related to the crime. They often participate in trials and court hearings,
which can be lengthy ordeals that consume large amounts of victims’ time,
energy, and resources. Victims also may have difficulty coping even after the
entire process is over.
In addition to the primary victims, a
crime may affect the victim’s friends, family members, and neighbors, who then
become the secondary victims. A crime may have significant, long-lasting
impacts on the community in which it occurs and can even make ripples on a
national or international scale.
For this Assignment, you examine the
case of Jaycee Dugard, who was kidnapped when she was 11 years old and held
captive for 18 years before being rescued. You also consider short- and
long-term impacts of the case on both primary and secondary victims.
In 1991, Jaycee Dugard, an 11-year-old girl, was kidnapped walking home from
the school bus. Jaycee’s abductors, Phillip and Nancy Garrido, held the girl
captive for 18 years. Jaycee was abused, both sexually and emotionally, by her
captors and eventually bore two daughters by Phillip Garrido. She began to
accept the life she was living and, even when opportunities presented
themselves, she never tried to escape. In 2009, Phillip Garrido was
investigated by law enforcement related to his parole from prison. During the
investigation, Jaycee lied to law enforcement, not revealing her true identity
or the fact that she had been kidnapped and abused for years. Upon further
investigation, Jaycee revealed the truth and was rescued from her captors. In
2010, Phillip and Nancy Garrido were found guilty of the kidnapping and abuse
of Jaycee. The State of California approved a $20 million dollar settlement for
Jaycee, to compensate her for various lapses by the Corrections Department,
which contributed to Dugard’s continued captivity, ongoing sexual assault, and
The Assignment (2–3 pages):
- Explain potential short-term impacts of the abuse on Jaycee
- Explain potential long-term impacts of the abuse on Jaycee Dugard.
- Identify any potential secondary victims, and explain potential
short- and long-term impacts of the abuse on those victims.
- Explain whether or not the compensation provided was appropriate
for this crime and why.
Two to three pages with at least three references….
It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the
assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT
presenting an explanation from the context of the readings for this class
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for
this assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules
3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and
4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.
- Course Text: Investigating
Difference: Human and Cultural Relations in Criminal Justice
- Chapter 11, “Women’s
Difference in the Criminal Justice System: Constructions of Victims,
Offenders, and Workers”
- Article: Boykins, A.
D., Alvanzo, A. A. H., Carson, S., Forte, J., Leisey, M., & Plichta,
S. B. (2010). Minority women victims of recent sexual violence:
Disparities in incident history. Journal of Women’s Health, 19,
- Article: Dickman, M.
(2009). Should crime pay? A critical assessment of the Mandatory Victims
Restitution Act of 1996. California Law Review, 97,
- Article: Wyckoff, R.,
& Simpson, S. (2008). The effects of self-protective behaviors on
injury for African American women in domestic violence situations. Crime,
Law & Social Change, 49(4), 271–288.
- Article: Dickman, M.