individuals can experience trauma from public events at the national level or extremely private ones at the interpersonal level. In this Discussion, you analyze these two types of trauma, describing p

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individuals can experience trauma from public events at the national level or extremely private ones at the interpersonal level. In this Discussion, you analyze these two types of trauma, describing potential interventions and their effectiveness.


To prepare:

Read the DSM-5 section on trauma and stressor-related disorders and review the Learning Resources on PTSD, disaster response, and trauma.

Then search the literature for studies related to an evidence-based intervention used to treat those suffering from trauma and stressor-related issues. Specifically, locate the following:



  1. One



    study on treating symptoms resulting from a national traumatic event (e.g., natural disaster, mass shooting)


  2. One



    study on treating symptoms resulting from an interpersonal trauma (e.g., rape, childhood sexual molestation, domestic violence)


Post

a response in which you address the following:


  1. Post the APA references for the two studies you located.

  2. Provide a brief description of the traumatic events, including a summary of how they affected the individuals involved.

  3. Describe the interventions discussed in the articles and explain how they addressed the psychosocial issues and needs of the individuals affected by the trauma.

  4. Explain the effectiveness of the interventions, as stated in the articles.

  5. Analyze and discuss the similarities and differences in the individuals’ needs depending on whether the issues occurred due to a national traumatic event or an interpersonal trauma.

Support your post with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.


Required Readings

American Psychiatric Association. (2013s). Trauma- and stressor-related disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm07American Psychiatric Association. (2013g). Dissociative disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm08Powers, A., Fani, N., Cross, D., Ressler, K. J., & Bradley, B. (2016). Childhood trauma, PTSD, and psychosis: Findings from a highly traumatized, minority sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 58, 111–118.Schnyder, U., Ehlers, A., Elbert, T., Foa, E. B., Gersons, B. P. R., Resick, P. A., … Cloitre, M. (2015). Psychotherapies for PTSD: What do they have in common? European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6(1), 281–286. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v6.28186Smith, J. C., Hyman, S. M., Andres-Hyman, R. C., Ruiz, J. J., & Davidson, L. (2016). Applying recovery principles to the treatment of trauma. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 47(5), 347–355. doi:10.1037/pro0000105


Required Media

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2017). PE—Prolonged exposure: A safe place. Retrieved from https://www.ptsd.va.gov/apps/AboutFace/therapies/pe.html

Note:

On this page, watch the following videos about veteran Frederick M. Gantt’s experience with prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD.”I had to make a decision””What am I running from?””I could see it in color””The Middle Eastern restaurant””I’m in a safe place”

individuals can experience trauma from public events at the national level or extremely private ones at the interpersonal level. In this Discussion, you analyze these two types of trauma, describing p
CASE PRESENTATION – Minji – 민지   INTAKE DATE: July 6, 2019   IDENTIFYING/DEMOGRAPHIC DATA: Minji is 48-year-old, married, Korean female. Minji immigrated from South Korea 28 years ago with her new husband. They have 4 children who are all currently out of the house. Minji lives in San Francisco.        CHIEF COMPLAINT/PRESENTING PROBLEM:  Minji presented to the emergency room reporting that she had overdosed on a handful of antihistamines shortly before she arrived. She described her problems as having started 2 months earlier, soon after her husband unexpectedly requested a divorce. She felt betrayed after having devoted much of her 28-year marriage to being a wife, mother, and homemaker. After medically clearing Minji, the hospital referred her for outpatient treatment. HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: Minji reports being sad and tearful at times, and she occasionally has difficulty sleeping. There are no vegetative symptoms. She felt desperate and suicidal after she realized that “he no longer loved me, this is not supposed to happen in my culture.” PAST PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY: Minji reports no previous psychiatric difficulties. SUBSTANCE USE HISTORY: Minji denies any drug or alcohol use. PAST MEDICAL HISTORY: Minji reports being in good health. She has not had any major illnesses.   CURRENT FAMILY ISSUES AND DYNAMICS: Minji loves being a wife and mother. Her family is “her world”. She enjoys time with family and friends. Minji’s childhood was unremarkable. She married her husband in South Korea and he immediately was offered a job in the United States working in technology so they immigrated to the U.S. The move was challenging at first since she did not speak the language but once the children started to be born she acculturated to the American way. She has a variety of friends and accommodated her husband to be successful in his career. She was involved in many activities at the children’s school where she met a wide friendship circle. She reported no particular difficulties in her marriage. Her mood has varied these past two months, she admitted to anxiety and depression. MENTAL STATUS EXAM: Minji is a well-dressed woman who looks her stated age. Her mood is depressed, and she lacks eye contact. Her affect is anxious. Motor activity is appropriate. Speech is clear. Thoughts are logical and organized. There is no evidence of delusions or hallucinations. On formal mental status examination, Minji is found to be oriented to three spheres. When asked how she sees her future she responded “I need to come to terms with the possibility of life after divorce and need to explore my best options under the circumstances.”

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