the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one f

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the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project  of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one for the lessons to go hand and hand I also will attach the rubric which is the final project that is due this week.

the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one f
HCM320FinalProjectGuidelinesandRubricOverviewThefinalprojectforthiscourseisthecreationofahealthissuepresentation.Healthcaremanagersmustrecognizethatchangesinhealthcarepolicycanaltertheeconomiclandscapeofanorganization.Inunderstandinghealthcareeconomicprinciples,healthcaremangerscandevelophealthcaredeliverymodelsdesignedtoaddresscriticalhealthcareissues.Ultimately,thegoalmustalwaysbeimprovingpopulationhealthandoutcomes.Thisassessmentwillprovideyouwithareal-worldopportunitytoassumetheroleofhealthcareadministratorandanalyzekeylegislationforitsimpactstothedeliveryofcareandpublichealth.Inthisassessment,youwillselectaneconomicissuethathasimpactedthehealthcaresystemfromtheprovidedlistandidentifyacorrespondinghealthpolicyaddressingtheissue.Yourtaskwillbetoexaminerelevantmacroeconomicandmicroeconomicforcestoarriveataninformedopiniononthebenefitsandconsequencesofthatpolicy.Basedonyourinvestigation,youwillcreateapresentationarticulatingthevalueofthepolicyinitiativefortheoverallhealthofAmericansociety.Ultimately,youraimistoinfluenceanaudienceofhealthcareadministratorsandmanagers,aswellashealthcarepolicymakersandlegislators,tocareaboutyourkeyhealthtopicandsupportyouridentifiedsolution.Theprojectisdividedintothreemilestones,whichwillbesubmittedatvariouspointsthroughoutthecoursetoscaffoldlearningandensurequalityfinalsubmissions.ThesemilestoneswillbesubmittedinModulesTwo,Three,andFive.ThefinalsubmissionisdueinModuleSeven.Inthisassignment,youwilldemonstrateyourmasteryofthefollowingcourseoutcomes:Analyzefundamentaleconomicprinciplesandindicatorsfordeterminingoperationalstrategiesthatimprovehealthcarequality,costs,andaccessibilityforpatientsandcaregiversEvaluatecontemporaryeconomicpoliciesandpracticesfortheirpositiveandnegativeimpactstotheAmericanhealthcaresystemandthehealthcareconsumerAssessthemarketpowerofhealthcareorganizationsfortheirpotentialtoinfluencehealthcareconsumerbehaviorIllustratesocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencecommunityhealthneedsbyidentifyingspecificcatalystsforandobstaclestochangeintheAmericanhealthcaresystemPromptYourpresentationshouldbeapolishedartifactusingslidesandspeakernotesthataresupportiveofafive-toten-minutetalk.Inthetalk,youshouldpassionatelyaddressanaudienceofhealthcareadministratorsandmanagers,aswellashealthcarepolicymakersandlegislators.Thecontentshouldaddresseachofthecriticalelementslistedbelow. Specifically,thefollowingcriticalelementsmustbeaddressed:I.AnalysisoftheHealthIssue:Describeforyouraudiencethenatureofyourchosenpublichealthissue,sothattheywillbeabletounderstandandappreciateyourpresentation.Specifically,besurethatyouaddressthefollowing:A.Outlinetheunderlyingeconomicprinciplesandindicatorsatplay,usingspecificexamples.Towhatextentdothoseprinciplesandindicatorsapplyinunderstandingyourchosenpublichealthissue?B.Demonstratetheeconomicimpactsofyourpublichealthissue.Providespecificexamplesofeachimpact.C.Analyzethelargercontextwithinwhichyourchosenpublichealthissueexists.Towhatextentistheissueaproductoflargersocioeconomicfactors?D.Examinethemajorhealthcareorganizationsimpactedbythepublichealthissue.Howaretheycurrentlyactingandreactingtotheissue?II.EvaluationofPolicyA.Discussthecurrenteconomicandlegallandscaperelatedtoyourpublichealthissue.Towhatextentdoexistingpolicies(orthelackthereof)havepositiveornegativeimpactstotheAmericanhealthcaresystem?B.Explainyourproposedpolicyusingevidenceandexamplestoillustrate.1.Whatarethespecificoperationalstrategiesthatyoubelievearenecessaryforaddressingyourchosenissueandwhy?2.Whatroledothemajorhealthcareorganizationsplayinyourproposedpolicy?Towhatextentcantheirpositioninthemarketplacebeharnessed?C.Defendyourproposedpolicyforaddressingthepublichealthissuewithspecificresearchandevidence.1.HowwillyourproposedpublicpolicyimprovetheAmericanhealthcaresystemintermsofhealthcarequality,costs,andaccessibility?2.Inwhatwaysisyourproposedpolicyinformedbythelargersocioeconomicfactorsthatcaninfluencepublichealth?III.ImplementationA.Identifypotentialsocioeconomicbarrierstopolicychangeanddescribeeachwithspecificdetails.B.Identifypossiblesocioeconomicsupportsforpolicychangeanddescribeeachwithspecificdetails.C.Illustratethevaluepropositionforthemajorhealthcareorganizationsyoureferencedearlier.Towhatextentwilltherebebeneficialoutcomesfortheirorganizationsifyourpolicyisenacted?Howwouldyoumobilizethemtosupportchange?D.Endyourpresentationwithafinal,persuasivecalltoactiontailoredtoyourtargetaudiences.MilestonesMilestoneOne:TopicSelectionInModuleTwo,youwillsubmityourtopicselection.Afterreviewingtherequirementsinthefinalprojectdocument,explorethefourfocusareasidentifiedbytheRobertWoodJohnsonFoundation.Fromthesebroadtopics,identifyaspecificpublichealthissuetouseasthebasisforyourfinalprojectpresentation.Forexample,ifyouareinterestedinmentalhealthasabroadtopic,youmaynarrowyourfocusandselecthealthcareforveteransasyourspecifictopic.Usingthetemplateprovided,begintocompileimportantinformationandresourcesthatyoucanusetodevelopyourpresentation.ThismilestoneisgradedwiththeMilestoneOneRubric. MilestoneTwo:AnalysisofHealthIssue(DraftofSectionI)InModuleThree,youwillsubmityouranalysisofthehealthissue.Describeforyouraudiencethenatureofyourchosenpublichealthissue,sothattheywillbeabletounderstandandappreciateyourpresentation.Youranalysiswillincludetheeconomicprinciplesandimpactsinvolvedwithyourpublichealthissue,relatedsocioeconomicfactors,andthehealthcareorganizationsimpacted.UsethefeedbackyoureceivedonMilestoneOnetoassistyouindevelopingyourintroduction.ThismilestoneisgradedwiththeMilestoneTwoRubric.MilestoneThree:LettertoStakeholder(DraftofSectionII)InModuleFive,youwillsubmitalettertoastakeholder.AddressthecriticalelementsintheEvaluationofPolicysectionandwritealettertothestakeholdersinvolvedtodescribeanddefendyourproposedpolicy.Stakeholderscouldincludepolicymakers,healthcareproviders,insurers,andhealthcareconsumers.ThismilestoneisgradedwiththeMilestoneThreeRubric.FinalSubmission:HealthIssuePresentationInModuleSeven,youwillsubmityourhealthissuepresentation.Itshouldbeacomplete,polishedartifactcontainingallofthecriticalelementsofthefinalproduct.Itshouldreflecttheincorporationoffeedbackgainedthroughoutthecourse.ThisfinalsubmissionwillbegradedusingtheFinalProjectRubric.FinalProjectRubricGuidelinesforSubmission:Yourpresentationshouldbeapolishedartifactusingslidesandspeakernotesthataresupportiveofa5-to10-minutetalk.AnycitationsshouldbeinAPAformat.CriticalElementsExemplary(100%)Proficient(85%)NeedsImprovement(55%)NotEvident(0%)ValueAnalysisoftheHealthIssue:EconomicPrinciplesandIndicatorsMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstratesnuancedunderstandingoffundamentaleconomicprinciplesandindicatorsOutlinestheunderlyingeconomicprinciplesandindicatorsatplay,usingspecificexamplesOutlinestheunderlyingeconomicprinciplesandindicatorsatplay,butthereareinaccuraciesortheoutlinelacksspecificexamplesDoesnotoutlinetheunderlyingeconomicprinciplesandindicatorsatplay8AnalysisoftheHealthIssue:EconomicImpactsMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstratesnuancedunderstandingoffundamentaleconomicprinciplesandindicatorsDemonstratestheeconomicimpactsofthepublichealthissueandprovidesspecificexamplesofeachimpactDemonstratestheeconomicimpactsofthepublichealthissue,butthereareinaccuraciesorthedemonstrationfailstoprovidespecificexamplesofeachimpactDoesnotdemonstratetheeconomicimpactsofthepublichealthissue8 AnalysisoftheHealthIssue:SocioeconomicFactorsMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstrateskeeninsightintosocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencecommunityhealthneedsAnalyzesthelargercontextwithinwhichthepublichealthissueexistsbyqualifyingtheextenttowhichtheissueisaproductoflargersocioeconomicfactorsAnalyzesthelargercontextwithinwhichthepublichealthissueexists,butfailstofullyoraccuratelyqualifytheextenttowhichtheissueisaproductoflargersocioeconomicfactorsDoesnotanalyzethelargercontextwithinwhichthepublichealthissueexists6AnalysisoftheHealthIssue:HealthcareOrganizationsMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstratessophisticatedabilitytoassessthemarketpowerofhealthcareorganizationsExaminesthemajorhealthcareorganizationsimpactedbythepublichealthissue,includingtheiractionsandreactionstotheissueExaminesthemajorhealthcareorganizationsimpactedbytheissue,butfailstofullyoraccuratelyexplaintheiractionsandreactionstotheissueDoesnotexaminethemajorhealthcareorganizationsimpactedbytheissue8EvaluationofPolicy:CurrentLandscapeMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstratesinsightfulabilitytoevaluatecontemporaryeconomicpoliciesandpracticesDiscussesthecurrenteconomicandlegallandscaperelatedtothepublichealthissue,includingtowhatextentexistingpolicieshavepositiveornegativeimpactsonthehealthcaresystemDiscussesthecurrenteconomicandlegallandscaperelatedtothepublichealthissue,butfailstofullyoraccuratelyqualifytheextenttowhichexistingpolicieshavepositiveornegativeimpactsonthehealthcaresystemDoesnotdiscussthecurrenteconomicandlegallandscaperelatedtothepublichealthissue8EvaluationofPolicy:Explain:OperationalStrategiesMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstrateskeeninsightintooperationalstrategiesthatimprovehealthcarequality,costs,andaccessibilityExplainstheproposedpolicyintermsofthespecificoperationalstrategiesandwhytheyarenecessaryforaddressingthepublichealthissueExplainstheproposedpolicy,butfailstodetailthespecificoperationalstrategiesandwhytheyarenecessaryforaddressingthepublichealthissueDoesnotexplaintheproposedpolicyintermsofthenecessaryoperationalstrategies8EvaluationofPolicy:Explain:HealthcareOrganizationsMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstratessophisticatedabilitytoassessthemarketpowerofhealthcareorganizationsExplainstheproposedpolicyintermsoftherolethemajorhealthcareorganizationscanplaytoharnesstheirmarketpositionforaddressingthepublichealthissueExplainstheproposedpolicy,butfailstodetailthespecificwaysinwhichthemajorhealthcareorganizationscanharnesstheirmarketpositiontoaddressthepublichealthissueDoesnotexplaintheproposedpolicyintermsoftheroleofthemajorhealthcareorganizationsinaddressingthepublichealthissue8EvaluationofPolicy:Defend:ImproveMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstratesinsightfulabilitytoevaluatecontemporaryeconomicpoliciesandpracticesDefendstheproposedpolicybyexplaininghowitwillimprovetheAmericanhealthcaresystemintermsofhealthcarequality,costs,andaccessibilityDefendstheproposedpolicy,butfailstofullyorlogicallyexplainhowitwillimprovetheAmericanhealthcaresystemintermsofhealthcarequality,costs,andaccessibilityDoesnotdefendtheproposedpolicyintermsofhowitwillimprovetheAmericanhealthcaresystem8 EvaluationofPolicy:Defend:InformedMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstrateskeeninsightintosocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencecommunityhealthneedsDefendstheproposedpolicybyexplaininghowitisinformedbythelargersocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencepublichealthDefendstheproposedpolicy,butfailstofullyorlogicallyexplainhowitisinformedbythelargersocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencepublichealthDoesnotdefendtheproposedpolicyintermsofhowitisinformedbylargersocioeconomicfactors6Implementation:BarrierstoPolicyChangeMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstrateskeeninsightintosocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencecommunityhealthneedsIdentifiespotentialsocioeconomicbarrierstochangeanddescribeseachwithspecificdetailsIdentifiespotentialsocioeconomicbarrierstochange,butnotallbarriersarelogical,oridentificationfailstodescribeeachwithspecificdetailsDoesnotidentifypotentialsocioeconomicbarrierstochange6Implementation:SupportsforPolicyChangeMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstrateskeeninsightintosocioeconomicfactorsthatinfluencecommunityhealthneedsIdentifiespossiblesocioeconomicsupportsforchangeanddescribeseachwithspecificdetailsIdentifiespossiblesupportsforchange,butnotallsupportsarelogical,oridentificationfailstodescribeeachwithspecificdetailsDoesnotidentifypossiblesocioeconomicsupportsforchange6Implementation:ValuePropositionMeets“Proficient”criteriaanddemonstrateskeeninsightintothemarketpowerofhealthcareorganizationsIllustratesthevaluepropositionforthemajorhealthcareorganizationsbyexplainingthebeneficialoutcomesforthemandproposingstrategiestomobilizetheirsupportIllustratesthevaluepropositionforthemajorhealthcareorganizations,butfailstofullyorlogicallyexplainthebeneficialoutcomesandproposestrategiesformobilizationDoesnotillustratethevaluepropositionforthemajorhealthcareorganizations8Implementation:CalltoActionMeets“Proficient”criteriaandisparticularlypersuasiveinarticulatingthepositiveimpactsoftheproposalfortheAmericanhealthcaresystemandthehealthcareconsumerEndsthepresentationwithafinal,persuasivecalltoactionthatistailoredtothetargetaudiencesEndsthepresentationwithafinalcalltoaction,butfailstopersuasivelytailortheappealtothetargetaudiencesDoesnotendthepresentationwithafinalcalltoaction8ArticulationofResponseSubmissionisfreeoferrorsrelatedtocitations,grammar,spelling,syntax,andorganizationandispresentedinaprofessionalandeasytoreadformatSubmissionhasnomajorerrorsrelatedtocitations,grammar,spelling,syntax,ororganizationSubmissionhasmajorerrorsrelatedtocitations,grammar,spelling,syntax,ororganizationthatnegativelyimpactreadabilityandarticulationofmainideasSubmissionhascriticalerrorsrelatedtocitations,grammar,spelling,syntax,ororganizationthatpreventunderstandingofideas4Total100%
the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one f
Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 0 Childhood Obesity Student Name HCM 320 2-3 Final MILESTONE 1 07/10/20 Childhood Obesity Public Health Issue Topic: The broad topics selected as per the Robert wood Johnson foundation is about childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is one of the serious problems in the United State that put more children at risk of poor health. The associated factors that contribute to the rise in childhood obesity include a poor diet, low physical activities, and a rise in sedentary behavior, and biological factors like genetics (Kristensen, et al., 2014). Childhood obesity is associated with comorbidity conditions such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, sleep apnea, poor self-esteem, and even a serious form of depression. The increase in body fats increases the risk of numerous forms of cancer such as breast, colon, oesophageal, kidney, and pancreatic cancers (Sanyaolu, Okorie, Qi, Locke, & Rehman, 2019). Childhood health contributes significantly to overall global health ranking and government spending on Medicare and Medicaid. Therefore understanding the impact of childhood obesity and the factors that contribute to its rise is important. Mitigation strategies for childhood obesity require coordinate effort between the public health and the community especially bring awareness on the importance of healthy choices on diets and physical activities. Economic Forces: Macroeconomic Forces: Macroeconomic factors include economic outputs, unemployment rates, and inflation. Inflation rates may directly affect food prices making it expensive for the American resident to afford healthy foods especially those earning a low income. The majority of African Americans, Native Americans, and Latino are high school graduates and college graduates with few who are university graduates both undergraduate and postgraduate. The education level affects the income one earns hence affecting the purchasing power of the population especially when inflation influences food prices. The unemployment level contributes significantly to the rise in childhood obesity because parents will not be able to afford healthy food for their children pushing some to depend on food a bank which is not fit for the health of children. Parents affected financially due to lack of better employment by either structural, fictional, voluntary unemployment may not be able to afford to pay insurance premium which may affect the health of their families. Social factors relate to parents’ roles in initiating proper diet plans and regulating the behavior of the children. Parental styles affect children’s behavior hence contributes to the overall health of children. Authoritarian parents are more likely to control children’s behavior by demanding children to follow the rules set. Authoritative parents will explain the reason for setting rules and this will contribute to better eating behavior and reducing sedentary behavior. Uninvolved and permissive parents may not be able to control the child’s diet and physical behaviors because they are not there for children. Some do not enforce the rules they are set due to job commitment. Cultural factors and media influence the food children engage in. Political and legal factors relate to the government spending on health and setting policies that directly lower food prices, improve the living standard of the resident, and building greens and fruits market closer to estates. Technology impacts childhood obesity negatively as it promotes sedentary behavior. Technology has replaced traditional games with technology enable games placed on computer screens and television. This change makes children spend more hours glued on the television which also increases weight gains due to less physical activities. Microeconomic Forces: The microeconomic force includes price change which is influenced by demand and supply. When the demand for green and fruit products is high and the supply is low it pushes food prices of these goods higher making them expensive. This means that low earning individuals may not afford the food instead they will continue to eat unhealthy food which exposes children to more health risks. High demand for houses and a low supply of houses push the house rents higher making it difficult to afford. The income earned by an individual will be shared between paying rents and meeting other basic needs which means that children may not get three meals per day, parents will not afford to purchase healthy foods or go for recreational activity with children. These factors promote the obesity level among children due to poor diet, living in a poor neighborhood where children cannot interacts due to security purposes and low physical activity when estates lack playing grounds. Key Regulation Policy: State and localities are increasingly using laws, regulations, and other policy tools to promote healthy eating and physical activity. USDA issued a series of rules that have taken aim at school meals programs and the nutrition standard that guides their implementation. In 2018, USDA made the change in school nutrition standard related to milk, whole grain, and sodium requirement where low-fat flavored milk was reintroduced and the percentage of grains offered in school reduced (Blair, 2020). Benefits and Consequences: The regulation promotes the health of children by proposing the health diet of the school-going children when the USDA policy proposed low-fat flavored milk was introduced in school and reduce consumption of grain. This rule is important in fighting obesity levels. The legislation improves the nutritional quality of school meals and improves diet quality for children consuming school food (Blair, 2020). The consequence of this legislation includes planning challenges because the school has to readjust its menu to meet the standards. Impact of Regulation or Policy: The legislation increases the cost of procuring the low flat flavored milk. School budgets are affected when the regulation is imposed meaning state-sponsored school will need additional support and the private institution the economic budget will be passed on to the parents. The supply and demand forces will come into play making the product more costly because the demand for low-fat flavored milk will be higher than the supply in the market. References: Sanyaolu, A., Okorie, C., Qi, X., Locke, J., & Rehman, S. (2019). Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States: A Public Health Concern. Global Pediatric Health, 6, 2333794X19891305.retrived from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6887808/ Blair, M. (2020, April 2). Comments from Richard Besser, MD, on Proposed Changes to USDA’s School Meal Nutrition Standards. Healthy School Environment, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation(RWJF). Retrieved from https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/articles-and-news/2020/03/comments-from-richard-besser-on-proposed-changes-to-usda-school-meal-nutrition-standards.html Kristensen, A. H., Flottemesch, T. J., Maciosek, M. V., Jenson, J., Barclay, G., Ashe, M., … & Brownson, R. C. (2014). Reducing childhood obesity through US federal policy: a microsimulation analysis. American journal of preventive medicine, 47(5), 604-612. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4762259/
the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one f
Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 0 Childhood Obesity Student Name HCM 320 2-3 Final MILESTONE 1 07/10/20 Childhood Obesity Public Health Issue Topic: The broad topics selected as per the Robert wood Johnson foundation is about childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is one of the serious problems in the United State that put more children at risk of poor health. The associated factors that contribute to the rise in childhood obesity include a poor diet, low physical activities, and a rise in sedentary behavior, and biological factors like genetics (Kristensen, et al., 2014). Childhood obesity is associated with comorbidity conditions such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, sleep apnea, poor self-esteem, and even a serious form of depression. The increase in body fats increases the risk of numerous forms of cancer such as breast, colon, oesophageal, kidney, and pancreatic cancers (Sanyaolu, Okorie, Qi, Locke, & Rehman, 2019). Childhood health contributes significantly to overall global health ranking and government spending on Medicare and Medicaid. Therefore understanding the impact of childhood obesity and the factors that contribute to its rise is important. Mitigation strategies for childhood obesity require coordinate effort between the public health and the community especially bring awareness on the importance of healthy choices on diets and physical activities. Economic Forces: Macroeconomic Forces: Macroeconomic factors include economic outputs, unemployment rates, and inflation. Inflation rates may directly affect food prices making it expensive for the American resident to afford healthy foods especially those earning a low income. The majority of African Americans, Native Americans, and Latino are high school graduates and college graduates with few who are university graduates both undergraduate and postgraduate. The education level affects the income one earns hence affecting the purchasing power of the population especially when inflation influences food prices. The unemployment level contributes significantly to the rise in childhood obesity because parents will not be able to afford healthy food for their children pushing some to depend on food a bank which is not fit for the health of children. Parents affected financially due to lack of better employment by either structural, fictional, voluntary unemployment may not be able to afford to pay insurance premium which may affect the health of their families. Social factors relate to parents’ roles in initiating proper diet plans and regulating the behavior of the children. Parental styles affect children’s behavior hence contributes to the overall health of children. Authoritarian parents are more likely to control children’s behavior by demanding children to follow the rules set. Authoritative parents will explain the reason for setting rules and this will contribute to better eating behavior and reducing sedentary behavior. Uninvolved and permissive parents may not be able to control the child’s diet and physical behaviors because they are not there for children. Some do not enforce the rules they are set due to job commitment. Cultural factors and media influence the food children engage in. Political and legal factors relate to the government spending on health and setting policies that directly lower food prices, improve the living standard of the resident, and building greens and fruits market closer to estates. Technology impacts childhood obesity negatively as it promotes sedentary behavior. Technology has replaced traditional games with technology enable games placed on computer screens and television. This change makes children spend more hours glued on the television which also increases weight gains due to less physical activities. Microeconomic Forces: The microeconomic force includes price change which is influenced by demand and supply. When the demand for green and fruit products is high and the supply is low it pushes food prices of these goods higher making them expensive. This means that low earning individuals may not afford the food instead they will continue to eat unhealthy food which exposes children to more health risks. High demand for houses and a low supply of houses push the house rents higher making it difficult to afford. The income earned by an individual will be shared between paying rents and meeting other basic needs which means that children may not get three meals per day, parents will not afford to purchase healthy foods or go for recreational activity with children. These factors promote the obesity level among children due to poor diet, living in a poor neighborhood where children cannot interacts due to security purposes and low physical activity when estates lack playing grounds. Key Regulation Policy: State and localities are increasingly using laws, regulations, and other policy tools to promote healthy eating and physical activity. USDA issued a series of rules that have taken aim at school meals programs and the nutrition standard that guides their implementation. In 2018, USDA made the change in school nutrition standard related to milk, whole grain, and sodium requirement where low-fat flavored milk was reintroduced and the percentage of grains offered in school reduced (Blair, 2020). Benefits and Consequences: The regulation promotes the health of children by proposing the health diet of the school-going children when the USDA policy proposed low-fat flavored milk was introduced in school and reduce consumption of grain. This rule is important in fighting obesity levels. The legislation improves the nutritional quality of school meals and improves diet quality for children consuming school food (Blair, 2020). The consequence of this legislation includes planning challenges because the school has to readjust its menu to meet the standards. Impact of Regulation or Policy: The legislation increases the cost of procuring the low flat flavored milk. School budgets are affected when the regulation is imposed meaning state-sponsored school will need additional support and the private institution the economic budget will be passed on to the parents. The supply and demand forces will come into play making the product more costly because the demand for low-fat flavored milk will be higher than the supply in the market. References: Sanyaolu, A., Okorie, C., Qi, X., Locke, J., & Rehman, S. (2019). Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States: A Public Health Concern. Global Pediatric Health, 6, 2333794X19891305.retrived from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6887808/ Blair, M. (2020, April 2). Comments from Richard Besser, MD, on Proposed Changes to USDA’s School Meal Nutrition Standards. Healthy School Environment, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation(RWJF). Retrieved from https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/articles-and-news/2020/03/comments-from-richard-besser-on-proposed-changes-to-usda-school-meal-nutrition-standards.html Kristensen, A. H., Flottemesch, T. J., Maciosek, M. V., Jenson, J., Barclay, G., Ashe, M., … & Brownson, R. C. (2014). Reducing childhood obesity through US federal policy: a microsimulation analysis. American journal of preventive medicine, 47(5), 604-612. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4762259/
the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one f
HCM 320 MILESTONES Name SOUTHERN NEWHAMPSHIRE UNIVERSITY Dear Stakeholders, The background The main aim of writing this letter to you, is to explain more on childhood obesity that is likely to be a bigger issue in future. It has spread not only in America but also in the whole world especially for the developed nations. I have come up with concrete evidence to act as prove. In America, childhood obesity is associated with the socioeconomic status. A good example is in Mississippi which has the highest obesity for children on 26.1% in 2018, there is another research made in the same year indicating that this was among the poorest states at 19.7%. This is not a coincidence since there is a relationship between increased poverty and childhood obesity. This concept of obesity has been accepted in our society today and thus becoming normal. (Woolacott, N. (2016). The evaluation of policy and the current landscape Today, the issue of childhood obesity is not a priority for the economic standings of America. Fairclough in 2002 indicated that, “rescanning political, social and economic domians of accountability and action are tied to the market based systems of knowledge.” It simply implies that our health lies on the eyes of the public. In legal aspects, matters that are related to childhood obesity there no legally made laws to reduce instances of this obesity among children. The policies existing currently, are trying to prevent and not treat obesity among children. The states have also done little to reduce it although there are steps which are worth noting. Example is that there has been the policy of SNAP SAB has been implemented in various states. This law taxes so as to reduce the purchases from people. Example is where all the sugar sweetened products (beverages) are being taxed to reduce the purchases being made. There is also the national SNAP where the low income families are allowed to appropriately budget on food. The program has both PROS and CONS to the health of the poor. The advantage it helps these poor families to afford food at a relatively lower cost hence helping to reduce medical complication on the other hand, the disadvantage is that this food being afforded by families of low income is cheap but with no nutritional values to them. (Braun, J. M. (2017). Explanation of the operational strategies The policy that is proposed, will ensure that the number of children with obesity is reduced by coming up with logical strategies to do it. According to the policy, there will be free classes for the children of low income families to help them get nutritional information on living healthy lives. There will also be free recreational facilities for them. Operational strategies will include the following; integration, funding, chain of command and building aspects. On the policy, funding will be very important since we cannot make it without enough money. The chain of command will allow a hierarchical order on the organization for operations to be smooth. The integration strategy will introduction of this new policy to the members and convincing them to use our policy. Lastly will be the building aspect where we will come up with plans on how to come up with the classrooms and recreation facilities for the children. (Taveras, E. M. (2016). The healthcare organization When introducing the policy, health care facilities will be very important to our operations, their activities will determine our success or failure. These healthcare organizations will include hospitals, clinics which will be used as advertisement tools to attract attention to the policy. The marketing tools to be used by the policy holders will be TV adverts, posters, explanation by mouth and fliers. The staff from healthcare facilities will help us to take care of the children and reduce their obesity especially those who come from low income families. Defend: improve When the rate of childhood obesity is reduced, then these children will be able to live healthy lives meaning they will attend healthcare centers less often which will reduce the cost of getting healthcare attendance. Remember that obese children will continue the same habits even if they grow up. When there are recreation facilities, then these children will be able to participate in more physical activities which will make then less prone to lifestyle diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes. With classes of nutrition for the children, they will be able to come up with decisions of what to eat and he activities to participate in. this will make the healthier and live quality lives. (Wiegand, S. (2018). Defend: improve We have several socioeconomic factors (such as; access to recreation centers, level of income and safety in the neigh hood) that affect the health of people. Levels of income is among the worst, despite the fact that this policy will not affect the economic status of the people, it will reduce their spending on hospital bills. The children will participate in physical activities because of the recreation centers. In these poor areas, there is high crime rate in the neighborhood, thus children never want to play outside. The policy will ensure that there is a safe environment for children to play. I believe that with letter will provoke a positive change and solve issues that are in our society today. (World Health Organization. (2016) Sincerely, TELESHIA COLVIN References Woolacott, N. (2016). Predicting adult obesity from childhood obesity: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Obesity reviews, 17(2), 95-107. Braun, J. M. (2017). Early-life exposure to EDCs: role in childhood obesity and neurodevelopment. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 13(3), 161. Taveras, E. M. (2016). Risk factors for childhood obesity in the first 1,000 days: a systematic review. American journal of preventive medicine, 50(6), 761-779. Wiegand, S. (2018). Risk factors and implications of childhood obesity. Current obesity reports, 7(4), 254-259. World Health Organization. (2016). Report of the commission on ending childhood obesity. World Health Organization.
the above attachment is my work that was turned in but is needed for this project this week all go in for the final project of my work in module 2,3,5 the work that was done is attached to this one f
Running head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 0 Childhood Obesity Name Professor Kary SOUTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIVERSITY HCM Milestone 2 childhood obesity 07/16/2020 Childhood Obesity Economic Principles and Indicators The economic indicators that apply in this public issue include gross domestic product, unemployment rate, consumer price index, income per capita, and interest rates. The gross domestic product represents all finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific period. This economic indicator indicates the health of a country’s economy. The component used to a compute for a gross domestic product includes consumption, government spending, investment, and net export. Government spending represents the monies spent in the acquisition of goods and provision of services such as education, healthcare, social protection, and defense. If the government spends well on healthcare services then the overall health of people will improve. For example, the government expansion of Medicaid and public education and preventive services through affordable care help close the coverage gap and improve the overall health of the people (Cawley, 2010). The building of markets closer to people estates and upgrading social recreational facilities will help promote the overall health of its residents. Still, the government also spends on subsidies to help industries or businesses keep the prices of commodities or services low. The government spending on subsidies may help its resident afford food especially fruit and vegetable which is good in promoting the health of its population. Consumption involves private consumption and household consumption. Household consumption is the final consumption expenditure made by resident households in meeting daily needs such as food, clothing, house rents, energy, and health cost and leisure services. More household consumption means health especially when assessing leisure spending and durable goods. High spending on health may indicate more affordability of health care services which still indicates the overall health of the economy. The consumer price index measures the prices for household goods and services. The consumer prices index report inflation or rising in prices and deflation of falling in prices. These indicators erode the health of the economy because it may push the prices of goods higher. Households good include food, energy, commodities, houses, health care, transportation, and other services making it difficult to afford and this may negatively affect the overall health of the population. High prices of healthcare costs and food will promote obesity in society. The high cost of transport may encourage walking and cycling but also it may discourage movement and attendance in recreational facilities promoting higher obesity levels. Falling of prices may make the suppliers of goods hold the goods, promote poor quality of goods and services which may hurt the health of the population (Cawley, 2010). Per capita income measures the amount of money earned per person in a nation or geographic region. The income earned per person indicates the standard of living and quality of life of the population. If the population earn a higher income it means they can afford for insurance premium, live in a neighborhood that has plays ground and safe neighborhood, and afford three meal per day. The population with higher income per capita might have less risk of developing obesity unlikely those with lower income per capita. The unemployed population may not afford healthy food for their children and this may promote higher obesity levels among children. Health economy means more population will have higher disposable income and this may promote higher spending on health foods, healthcare hence reducing childhood obesity and vice versa. Economic impacts The economic impact of childhood obesity includes effects on governmental and social budgets influencing children’s psychological and physical development. The direct economic costs include preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services. Families will spend more on seeking medical care for their children a fund that would have been channeled to other projects. Childhood obesity may put children to the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease which means that families will incur annual per capita medical spending (Sepulveda, Tait, Zimmerman, & Edington, 2010). Socioeconomic Factors Childhood obesity touches all socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic backgrounds but is more evident in lower socio classes. The families with low income may not be able to provide a healthy diet for their children because some of the population relies on food banks for basic food. Food bank’s foods are unhealthy which is composed of processed food. The population may live in an unsafe neighborhood therefore parents may not allow children to play for fear of children’s traffic or air pollution (Lieb, Snow, & DeBoer, 2009). Despite that, the issues affect the larger population due to detrimental changes in lifestyles where the lives of children have less physical activity and quantities of unhealthy food than ever-present previously due to the influence of media. Traditional games have been replaced by computer games, television games, more hours spent doing homework all interfere with children’s physical activity. Healthcare Organizations The organization that is affected by childhood obesity include the American academy of pediatrics (APP), National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), American heart association, and public health organization. APP continues to emphasize the importance of continuity of care in comprehensive health supervision and the need to avoid fragmentation of care. APP further has put more effort and resources into the health, safety, and well-being of infants. Still, the organization advocates for change in policies and public awareness of healthy diets and seeking preventive care. References Cawley, J. (2010). The economics of childhood obesity. Health Affairs, 29(3), 364-371. Lieb, D. C., Snow, R. E., & DeBoer, M. D. (2009). Socioeconomic factors in the development of childhood obesity and diabetes. Clinics in sports medicine, 28(3), 349-378.Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5596457/ Sepulveda, M. J., Tait, F., Zimmerman, E., & Edington, D. (2010). Impact of childhood obesity on employers. Health Affairs, 29(3), 513-521. Retrieved from https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2009.0737

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