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- When speaking of diversity in nursing and the health care field overall, we refer to the differences that will exist between the individuals that make up a work group, although many times the interests are common, there will be differences in terms of age, sex , race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion, skills, experience; the work group usually has differences and similarities among its members (Andrews et al, 2019). This diversity is important because it facilitates decision making due to the different points of view provided by each individuals, as well as the distinct approaches and perspectives will allow for easier problem solving, decision making, greater efficiency, and organization. For work, the results obtained for the patients are better. Many times when seeking medical attention, patients look for people who are similar to them in terms of their ethnic background, culture, language, as they feel more understood and more comfortable.
The more diverse society becomes, the workforce must also be diverse so that people feel cared for, fulfilling all the expectations from clients. It is stated that in the last thirty years nursing has been undergoing changes and transformations influenced by the aging of the population (baby boomers), by the approval of the health care law (ACA) where health insurance is provided to people who were previously uninsured and finally the preparation in the training of health professionals such as nurses who are better prepared to provide quality care to each patient (Ford, 2019).
To increase diversity and achieve coordination between the cultural composition and the workforce that serves the population, researchers are studying the influence of corporate culture and organizational climate on increasing diversity and are examining two main approaches to successfully increase diversity, currently fearing diversity management and organizational inclusion (Andrews et al, 2019). This year is declared by the WHO as the year of nursing. It is proposed that diversity is associated with better care for the community which is focused on patient satisfaction, better experience in counseling, patient education and that the doctor, nurse, patient communication is optimal.
- The cultural self-evaluation of organizations, institutions, and health care agencies is a process where a series of strategies can be taken in the different health units to evaluate a complete or particular organizational culture of the sea. In this case, the first thing to analyze is demographic and descriptive data, where cultural diversity is an important link for patients, nurses, doctors and other health personnel, with the aim of promoting multiculturalism, the evaluation of cultural strengths is another strategy, looking for programs and activities where Support multiculturalism, and keeping in mind positive comments from customers and staff about the culture (Ford, 2019). Evaluate the resources of the community such as ethnicity, religious groups, political and economic support, observing weaknesses and limitations to work on them to achieve continuous growth. It is of great prominence to identify the leaders who evaluate and communicate in cultural self-assessment, one should evaluate the languages they speak with the aim of having translators if needed. In case it is necessary to make changes, members or stakeholders should be involved, after this implementation of possible changes to be made, if necessary, it is important to evaluate the effectiveness as well as monitor the results, it can be positive to create diversity initiatives and performance measures.
- For me diversity means differences, variety, abundance of different things, in this case cultural diversity is nothing more than the coexistence or interaction between different cultures (Ford, 2019). These distinct backgrounds generally provide its people with their perspectives, culture, beliefs, values, and worldview. As diversity in the workforce increases. the quality of medical care tends to improve. Currently the diversity in nurses and health professionals is exponentially rising. With this variety, the health field must protect workers from discrimination due to gender, race, age, or political party; it should work towards integrating more minority populations to receive health care resources. It is argued that this concept of diversity is closely related to interculturality and multiculturalism (Andrews et al, 2019).
It is important to know that cultural diversity starts from the family itself, with parents first teaching certain cultural elements to their children, so the culture of the children is different from that of the parents because it feeds on the culture of two people, taking elements of each one, merging into a new culture (Ford, 2019).
- In the nursing profession there are various barriers to diversity since it brings many backgrounds, cultures, and beliefs together. The language barrier it’s one of these, many people love this profession and due to language problems they cannot realize their dreams. Another barrier is the cost of education, especially for students with low economic levels. Ignorance towards the profession is also an issue brought by diversity along with the absence of adequate IT tools, lack of knowledge about the entire nursing process, ensuring the people on the field have a vocation towards nursing since it’s a highly sacrificing career and not everyone is fit to perform nursing jobs. Nurses are exposed to contracting diseases and the terrible work hours limit people to choose this profession, opting for others where they will feel more comfortable (Andrews et al, 2019).
Andrews, M. M., Boyle, J. S., & Collins, J. (2019). Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care. Philadelphia, PA, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ford, S. (2019, October 2).Exclusive: High level of racial discrimination faced by nurses revealed. Retrieved from Nursing Times: