The first half of the 19th century saw a revolution in transportation and a burgeoning retail market that would forever change the lives of the nation’s working people. While the South underwent a tremendous expansion in cotton production, the North experienced improved production methods and industrial advancements.
How did the cotton gin change the lives of southern slaves and Native Americans, and the division of labor, as Smith and Tocqueville observed, change the nature of work for northern artisans and journeymen? In what ways did each group respond to these developments?
Conclude your paper by evaluating the degree to which workers shared in the nation’s prosperity.
Support your paper with evidence from class readings, the more readings the stronger your argument. Use proper attribution, citing the author’s last name and page number when quoting directly and paraphrasing from the readings. Follow MLA style for in-text citations and works cited page. When citing Smith and Tocqueville, state their last names and the paragraph number from the readings and use the format below for your works cited page:
Smith, Adam. The Wealth of Nations http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/ENLIGHT/WEALTH1.HTM
De Tocqueville, Alexis. How an Aristocracy May Be Created by Manufactures http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/DETOC/ch2_20.htm
All papers must be typed, double-spaced throughout and five (5) pages in length, each numbered with standard one-inch margins and size 12 font. Respect the page limit. Correct spelling, grammar, and punctuation matter. Use only those sources that have been assigned and discussed in class; do not use any other sources, especially those from the Internet.
WEEK 6: The Culture of Artisan Work
WEEK 7: The Consolidation of Slavery in the South-5
WEEK 8: The Changing Nature of Work
Adam Smith, “Of the Division of Labor”
Alexis de Tocqueville, “How an Aristocracy May Be Created by Manufactures”
WEEK 9: The Worsening of Work