Week 1 Application

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Application: Community Counseling Resources

George Albee, commonly known as the “father” of prevention, stated in 1958 that the mental health profession will never be able to train enough mental health professionals to adequately treat those individuals with mental health problems. The solution, he suggested, is to target mental health services toward the prevention of mental health difficulties (Albee, 1959). The counseling profession as a whole has prevention at its historical and aspirational roots, and marriage, couple, and family counseling is no exception. In fact, marriage, couple, and family counseling possesses unique qualities that can aid in preventative interventions to families and couples across the lifespan.

As a marriage, couple, and family counselor, you will be required to be aware of and be able to evaluate the mental health services provided in your community, from treatment to primary preventative interventions. For this Assignment, select one issue from the following list: substance abuse, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect, child/adolescent drug/alcohol abuse, or depression. Identify a resource in your own community that provides primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions for the issue you selected. Then, consider any gaps that may exist in the interventions provided and how you might address them.

Reference:Albee, G. W. (1959). Mental health manpower trends. New York: Basic Books.

The assignment (2–3 pages)

  • Analyze primary, secondary, and tertiary couple and family counseling interventions provided by community resources. Remember that “primary services” focus mainly on preventative efforts and those services geared towards early intervention. “Secondary services” can be described as those services, such as screening, assessment, and intervention in which direct care is provide for active concerns and issues. “Tertiary Care” is defined as specialized care and/or services provided to a client family upon referral, such as vocational rehabilitation, case management, and specialized aftercare.”(Ballard, n.d.)
  • Identify the issue you selected.
  • Describe the community resource you selected related to this issue, including the primary, secondary, and/or tertiary intervention(s) it provides for your community.
  • Describe any gaps that may exist in the interventions that the resource provides.
  • Explain how you might address these gaps. Be specific.

Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.

Submit your assignment by

Day 7


Required Resources


  • Course Introduction (located in the left navigation bar)
  • Course Text: Gurman, A. S., Lebow, J. L., & Snyder, D.  (2015). Clinical handbook of couple therapy (5th ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
    • Chapter 1, “The Theory and Practice of Couple Therapy: History, Contemporary Models, and a Framework for Comparative Analysis”


      To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the

      Course Materials

      section of your Syllabus.

  • Article: Albee, G. W., & Ryan, K. (1998). An overview of primary prevention. Journal of Mental Health, 7(5), 441–449. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Article: Case, E. A., & Lindhorst, T. P. (2009). Toward a multi-level, ecological approach to the primary prevention of sexual assault: Prevention in peer and community contexts. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 10(2), 91–114. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Article: Hansen, J. T. (2009). Self-awareness revisited: Reconsidering a core value of the counseling profession. Journal of Counseling & Development, 87(2), 186–193. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Article: McCarthy, B., Ginsberg, R. L., & Cintron, J. A. (2008). Primary prevention in the first two years of marriage. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 19(2), 143–156. Book Excerpt: Lewis, J. A., Lewis, M. D., Daniels, J. A., & D’Andrea, M. J. (2002). The Community Counseling Model. In J. A. Lewis, M. D. Lewis, J. A. Daniels, & M. J. D’Andrea, Community counseling: Empowerment strategies for a diverse society(pp. 1–44). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Optional Resources


  • American Counseling Association. (2005). ACA code of ethics. Retrieved from http://www.counseling.org/Resources/aca-code-of-ethics.pdf
  • International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors. (n.d.). IAMFC ethical codes. Retrieved from http://www.iamfconline.org/public/department3.cfm

Week 1 Application
Community Counseling Resources Application: Community Counseling Resources Marriage, Couple and Family Therapy (CPSY – 6356 – 1) In this paper will analyze primary, secondary, and tertiary couple and family interventions provided by community resources. In this paper will provide a community resource that works with issues of domestic violence and the primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions that the resource provides. A further analysis will be provided on any gaps that may exist in the interventions and an explanation of how to address those gaps. 1 Community Counseling Resources . According to (Wolfe, 2011), p revention efforts are generally considered in terms of primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary prevention includes efforts to decrease the occurrence of an issue within a population before it occurs. (Wolfe, 2011) Primary prevention strategies, may present a particular population with new ways of thinking, values, and relationship skills that are opposing to violence and that encourage healthy relationships. Secondary prevention focuses on at-risk individuals. Secondary preventions attempt to decrease the occurrence of an issue by reducing suspected or known risk factors. (Wolfe, 2011) For example, secondary prevention efforts with domestic violence may focus on identified individuals who have displayed specific behaviors related to domestic violence. Tertiary prevention endeavors to reduce the course of an issue after the issue has already developed and is causing harm. For example, tertiary prevention includes the identification of sex offenders and domestic violence (DV) perpetrators, efforts to control negative behavior by punishment or treatment and assistance for the victims. The clinical description of domestic violence is a pattern of assaultive behaviors, including psychological, physical, and sexual attacks that adults or adolescents utilize against individuals who have or had relations. (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2011) A community resource that is used in Tulsa Oklahoma for domestic violence is an agency called Domestic Violence Intervention Service (DVIS). DVIS is a community resource that provides advocacy, counseling to the victim and perpetrator, education, and shelter. (DVIS, 2013) As a primary intervention, DVIS provides education to businesses, community groups, faith-based communities, organizations and schools. (DVIS, 2013) DVIS dedicated a great deal of effort working with local schools as a primary prevention strategies. According to research, schools are an ideal environment to introduce primary prevention programs to a range of 2 Community Counseling Resources children. (Wolfe, 2009) According to (Wolfe, 2009), a significant amount of children’s social learning takes place in schools. In addition to using the schools as a way to initiate primary prevention with youth, DVIS also uses the school environment as secondary prevention. DVIS target at risk youth of violence with the school setting. (DVIS, 2013) DVIS’s school based program takes youth from high-risk backgrounds through a process of learning about self, issue, and increase the youth’s efforts to affect change around them. (DVIS, 2013) DVIS offers counseling and shelter as a tertiary prevention. DVIS provides individual and group counseling to the victims, families and perpetrators. The program counsels men that are self-referred, court-referred, DHS- referred, and family court referrals for domestic violence assessments. (DVIS, 2013) DVIS offers interactive therapy for children who have witnessed or personally experienced domestic violence. (DVIS, 2013) The women victims are provided with counseling that helps in recovery for example, creating a safety plan, reducing the risk of future violence, increasing positive coping skills, and addressing the impact of trauma. The gap that may exist in the interventions that DVIS provides is within the secondary prevention methods. DVIS does not provide a distinct protocol for the way teachers can support students who have disclosed exposure to domestic violence in their homes. One may address this gap in the intervention by providing education to the teacher on how to assist the children that have spoken out. 3 Community Counseling Resources Reference Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2011). Definitions of Domestic Violence . Retrieved September 7, 2013, from U. S. Department of Health and Human Service: https://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/statutes/defdomvio.cfm DVIS. (2013). Programs . Retrieved September 7, 2013, from Domestic Violence Intervention Services: http://dvis.org/programs/ Wolfe, D. A. (2009). Emerging Strategies in the Prevention of Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence and Children , 133-144. Retrieved September 7, 2013, from http://futureofchildren.org/publications/journals/article/index.xml? journalid=47&articleid=228&sectionid=1497 4 Community Counseling Resources Wolfe, D. A. (2011). Prevention of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault . Retrieved September 4, 2013, from National Resource Center on Domestic Violence: http://www.vawnet.org/applied-research-papers/print-document.php?doc_id=390 5


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