What are some examples of mechanical digestion?

Hire our professional essay experts at Gradehunters.net who are available online 24/7 for an essay paper written to a high standard at an affordable cost.

Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper


Mechanical digestion is the physical act of breaking down the food by non-chemical means.

Mechanical digestion begins in the mouth by the physical act of


(chewing). The specialized teeth break down the food as it is cut by the incisors, torn by the cuspids and ground by the molars.

The food is manipulated in the mouth by the tongue, and cheeks to mix and moisten the food forming a


or ball which is pushed to the back of the tongue.


occurs when the tongue slides back and locks the epiglottis over the larynx which allows the bolus to be pushed into the esophagus.

The bolus is then pushed by wave-like muscular contractions called


that moves the food to the stomach.

In the stomach the food is churned by peristalsis in order to mix with the gastric juices and pushed to the pyloric sphincter at the base of the stomach. The food which is now a paste called


is pushed through the pylorus into the duodenum the first loop of the small intestine.

The chyme is pushed through the small intestine by peristalsis allowing the


of food nutrients by the villi lining the intestinal walls.

This peristalsis and absorption continues through both the small and large intestine. Osmosis pulls most of the water out in the large intestine. The remaining waste called


is gathered in the sigmoid colon until a mass movement called


releases the waste through the rectum and anus.


Everyone needs a little help with academic work from time to time. Hire the best essay writing professionals working for us today!

Get a 15% discount for your first order

Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper